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Mold. Description and Types.

What we see on the affected walls, concrete, Wallpaper, wooden floors, tiles in the bathroom and other places that have green, black, brown and gray tones, and also emits a specific smell-different types of mold or as many people say – fungus.

Now let’s look at some types of fungus that harm our homes.

Species of fungus and other related pests

Mold is a colony of unicellular fungus that develops from spores, which in the “canned” state in huge quantities are constantly present in the air. Spores “Wake up” for intensive reproduction as soon as favorable conditions appear for this: increased humidity and heat.

Mold fungi (mold) grow on concrete, paint or stone. They can be observed in the form of spots or dots of black, brown, blue or green colors. There are also luminous, phosphorescent colonies of fungi, but they are not terrible to the facade. Mold destroys the building and finishing material almost to the ground, forcing more and more often to repair and sometimes rebuild buildings.

Black mold

The color of this type of mold depends not only on its type, but also on the stage of development, as well as the material on which it grows.

Black mold

White mold

White mold, as opposed to black mold, causes much less concern in humans. Most often it can be found on the ground, tree, plants, bread and cheese. In apartments, it occurs, as a rule, in flower pots and quite rarely on the walls.

white mold   White mold in basement

Green (Blue) Mold

Green (Blue) Mold affects the fiber of the tree, and the surface of a wooden house is painted not at all in a noble gray-blue color. The damage from the blue is not only aesthetic. It paves the way for the penetration of water, which, in turn, increases the moisture content of the wood. Then nothing prevents the penetration and consolidation in the neighborhood and mold. Pine is particularly susceptible to blue.

Blue mold green mold

Rotting fungi also attack wood exclusively. There are several types of rot – bacterial, brown and white.

Bacterial rot corrodes the wood from the inside. The affected material noticeably Grays or darkens, and its strength deteriorates markedly-the bacterium causes local decomposition of cellulose.

White rot destroys not only cellulose, but also lignin, therefore, the color of the wood does not particularly change.

Brown rot leads to splitting of the tree.

When wet rot appears on the material, bands of yellowish to dark brown and even black colors will appear, and after them-cracks. If dry-then the affected tree acquires a brown color, it will shrink and soon begin to split along and across the fibers.

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